Spring/Lane

こんにちは!
スタッフの八木です!

英語で春は”Spring”ですが、「春」という意味のほかにも意味がたくさんあるのはご存じですか?
「なるほど!」となるすごく興味深い英会話コラムをLane先生が書いてくれたので、是非最後までご覧ください!

本文は日本語ですが、ページ下部でLane先生の英文もご覧いただけます。
リーディングの勉強にもいいので、そちらも是非ご覧ください。

 

 

 

Lane先生

Today, I would like to talk about `Spring`!  This is a very interesting word with lots of meanings in English.  First, let’s look at some sentences which use spring in various ways.

(今日は”Spring”について話したいと思います。本当に面白い単語で、英語ではたくさんの意味があります。
まずは色々な使い方を例文で見ていきましょう)

 

  1. When the tiger is close to the deer, it will spring out of the bushes and attack!
  2. With a sudden spring, the tiger attacked the deer.
  3. I don’t like when someone springs bad news on me suddenly.
  4. Oh no! Our boat has sprung a leak.
  5. This natural spring is the source of the onsen`s water.
  6. Inside the inkpen, there is a small metal spring.
  7. He must be happy about something because there is a spring in his step.
  8. Spring is my favorite season. 
  9. Spring has finally sprung!

 

Let’s look at these one by one.

 

 

ご覧の通り、”Spring”は名詞でも動詞でもあります。様々な違った方法で使われますが、全て基礎的な意味が基になっています。
動詞の場合、意味は「出る、出てくる」「素早く動く、走る」「突然現れる」となります。
活用形は、spring / sprang / sprung なので、例文1`the tiger springs out of the bushes` の訳は「突然現れて、すごい速さで前進する」となります。

同じ方法、例文2では”spring”は同じ意味の名詞です。

 

Here are two more examples.

 

  1. I sprang out of bed the first thing in the morning.
  2. A mountain goat can spring from rock to rock easily.

 

英語話者はこの跳躍表現も比喩的に使います。
例:例文3 news is sprung suddenly on someone.
意味は、そのニュースは突然で衝撃的(1の文と似ている)

 

例文4では、”leak”「漏れ」は突然起こりました。
文字通り跳躍表現ではありませんが、驚いたという意味では同じであります。

 

”hot spring”、日本語で温泉は地面から水が湧き出ている場所のことです。
水が地面から出てくる(springs from the ground)ので、”spring”というのです。
 

 

金属コイルは圧がかかり、その圧がなくなった瞬間に物質を弾き出します。
例で言うと、ボールペンなどがあります。

 

When you press the button the spring causes the pen tip to come out, or spring out. We therefore call this little metal object a `spring`.

例文7の`he has a spring in his step`の意味は「彼の歩き方は特に活気に満ちている」となります。
これは極めて幸せそうな人について使います。彼の歩き方は靴にバネがついているように軽くて弾んでいる。

 

 

最後に、春は木々が生え、蕾だった花も咲く季節です。英語話者は春によくジョークで`Spring has sprung.` と言います。
”spring”が1つの文で名詞と動詞として使われているので、おもしろおかしい英文です。

 

Have a happy spring!

 

↓↓英文はこちらから↓↓

Today, I would like to talk about `Spring`!  This is a very interesting word with lots of meanings in English.  First, let’s look at some sentences which use spring in various ways.

 

  1. When the tiger is close to the deer, it will spring out of the bushes and attack!
  2. With a sudden spring, the tiger attacked the deer.
  3. I don’t like when someone springs bad news on me suddenly.
  4. Oh no! Our boat has sprung a leak.
  5. This natural spring is the source of the onsen`s water.
  6. Inside the inkpen, there is a small metal spring.
  7. He must be happy about something because there is a spring in his step.
  8. Spring is my favorite season. 
  9. Spring has finally sprung!

 

Let’s look at these one by one.  As you can see, spring can be both a noun and a verb.  It is used in several different ways, but they are all related to the same basic meaning. As a verb, `spring` means something like `to come out`, `to move quickly towards`, or `to suddenly appear`.  The verb tenses are spring / sprang / sprung. So when `the tiger springs out of the bushes` it means that it emerges suddenly and moves forward quickly.  In the same way, in sentence #2 spring is a noun with the same meaning.  Here are two more examples.

 

I sprang out of bed the first thing in the morning.

A mountain goat can spring from rock to rock easily.

 

We also use this jumping action metaphorically.  In example #3, news is sprung suddenly on someone.  This means the news is sudden and shocking (like that tiger in example #1).   In example #4, a leak has suddenly appeared in our boat.  Nothing is literally jumping, but there is a similar meaning of surprise. 

 

The word `hot spring` (onsen in Japanese) is a place where water comes out of the ground.  The water springs from the ground, so this place is called `a spring`.  

 

Another very common noun is the object called `a spring`, which is a coiled piece of metal found in many machines.  The coiled metal is usually compressed, and when the pressure is released, it causes something to spring out.  Think of a retractable inkpen.  When you press the button the spring causes the pen tip to come out, or spring out. We therefore call this little metal object a `spring`.   In example #7, when we say that `he has a spring in his step`, we mean that his manner of walking is especially energetic.  This is used to mean that someone is especially happy. His steps are light and bouncy, as if he has metal springs in his shoes.

 

Finally, spring is the season when plants suddenly come out of the ground and flowers suddenly emerge from their buds.   In this season, we often use the joking sentence `Spring has sprung.`  It is funny because the word `spring` is used both as a noun and a verb in the same sentence. 

 

Have a happy spring!

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